|Carfax Tower, Queen Street Oxford - panorama, click and drag to rotate the view.
Carfax Tower is located at the conjunction of St Aldate's (south), Cornmarket Street (north), Queen Street (west) and the High Street (east) in Oxford, England. It is considered to be the centre of the city. The name "Carfax" derives from the French carrefour "crossroads".
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Carfax Tower is located at the northwest corner of Carfax. The Tower is all that remains of the 13th century St Martin's Church and is now owned by the Oxford City Council. It was the official City Church of Oxford, where the Mayor and Corporation were expected to worship, between c.11221896, after which the main part of the church was demolished to make more room for traffic in the area. In 1896, the City Church was moved to All Saints Church in the High Street.
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The tower is 23 m (74 ft) tall, and no building in central Oxford may be constructed higher than it. It still contains a ring of six bells, recast from the original five by Richard Keene of Woodstock in 1676. These chime the quarter hours and are rung on special occasions by the Oxford Society of Change Ringers. It is possible to climb to the top of the tower for a good view of the Oxford skyline. The tower is open 10am5.30pm (Easter to October) 10am3.30pm (October to Easter).
In 1865, William Henry Butler (Mayor of Oxford, 1836) was buried in the churchyard at Carfax in the grave of his first wife Elizabeth Briggs and their two infant daughters. In 1900, the Church was demolished to make way for road improvements and as a consequence the grave and tombstone were forgotten. It is probable the tombstone was made by either John Gibbs of Oxford (father of William Henry Butler's second wife) or one of John Gibbs's employees. The tombstone is still in its original position and can be viewed at the rear of the Tower. There is now a campaign to protect the tombstone for future generations
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Carfax Oxford".
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